Shura Council Law
Royal Decree No. A/91
27 Sha'ban 1412/ I March 1992
In compliance with Allah Almighty words:
[Those who respond to their Lord, and establish regular prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation; who spend out of what we bestow on them for sustenance] "Shura Sura (ChapterXL11), Verse 38". And [It is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently with them. Wert thou severe or harsh-hearted , they would have broken away from about thee : so pass over ( their faults ) , and ask for ( Allah's ) forgiveness for them ; and consult them in affairs ( of moment ) . Then, when thou hast taken a decision, put thy trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him)] "Al-Imran Sura (ChapterIII), Verse 159".
And following His Messenger Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH) in consulting his Companions, and urging the (Muslim) Nation to engage in consultation. Shura Council shall be established to exercise the tasks entrusted to it, according to this Law and the Basic Law of Governance while adhering to Quran and the Path (Sunnah) of his Messenger (PBUH), maintaining brotherly ties and cooperating unto righteousness and piety.
Shura Council shall hold fast to the bond of Allah and adhere to the sources of Islamic legislation. All members of the Council shall strive to serve the public interest, and preserve the unity of the community, the entity of the State and nation interests.
Shura Council shall consist of a Speaker and One hundred and fifty members chosen by the King from amongst scholars, those of knowledge, expertise and specialists.
It is stipulated that the member of Shura Council shall be as follows:
(a) A Saudi national by descent and upbringing.
(b) A person well known for uprightness and competence.
(c) A person not less than 30 years of age.
A member may submit a request to resign his membership to the Speaker, who in turn shall bring it before the King.
Accountability of a member shall be done on failing to perform duties, and shall be trialed according to rules and procedures to be issued by royal decree.
On vacancy of a member position, the King shall choose a substitution and a royal decree shall be issued to this effect.
No member may exploit his membership for his own interest.
The membership shall not be combined with any governmental post, or with the management of any organization, unless the King deems it necessary.
Speaker, Vice-Speaker, and Secretary General shall be appointed and released by royal decree. Their ranks, rights, duties, and all their affairs shall be defined by royal decree.
Prior to assumption of their duties, Speaker, members and Secretary General shall take the following Oath before the King:
“I swear to Allah Almighty to be loyal to my religion, then to my King and Country, and not to reveal any of the State’s secrets, to preserve its interests and laws, and to perform my duties with sincerity, integrity, loyalty and fairness.”
Riyadh City shall be the seat of the Shura Council. The Council may convene in other locations within the Kingdom if the King deems it appropriate.
Shura Council term shall be four Hijri years, effective from the specified date in the Royal Decree issued for its formation. A new Council shall be formed at least two months prior to the end of the current Council. In case term of the current council ends before a new formation; current Council shall remain active until the new formation is accomplished. Numbers of the newly selected members shall not be less than half of the current Council.
The King, or whoever may deputize, shall deliver an annual royal speech at Shura Council on State's domestic and foreign policy.
Shura Council shall express its opinion on State's general policies referred by Prime Minister. The Council shall specifically have the right to exercise the following:
(a) Discuss the general plan for economic and social development and give view.
(b) Revising laws and regulations, international treaties and agreements, concessions, and provide whatever suggestions it deems appropriate.
(c) Analyzing laws.
(d) Discuss government agencies annual reports and attaching new proposals when it deems appropriate.
A meeting of Shura Council shall not be valid without a quorum of at least two-thirds of members, including Speaker or whoever may deputizes. Resolutions shall not be considered valid without members' majority approval.
Shura council’s resolutions shall be submitted to the king who decides what resolutions to be referred to Cabinet. If views of both Shura Council and Cabinet agree, the resolutions are issued after the king approval. If views of both councils vary the issue shall be returned back to Shura Council to decide whatever it deems appropriate, and send the new resolution to the king who takes the final decisions.
Laws, international treaties and agreements, and concessions shall be issued and amended by royal decrees after being reviewed by the Shura Council.
Shura Council shall form the necessary specialized committees amongst its members to exercise power within its jurisdiction. Further, it may form ad hoc committees to review any item on its agenda.
Shura Council’s committees may seek non-council members assistance of whomever fit upon Speaker's approval.
Shura Council shall have Steering Committee composed of Speaker, Vice Speaker, and heads of specialized committees.
Speaker shall submit to Prime Minister requesting accountability of ministers. A minister shall have the right to participate in the deliberation but not the right to vote.
Shura Council shall have the jurisdiction proposing a draft of a new law or an amendment of enacting law and study these within the council. Speaker shall submit the Council’s resolution of new or amended law to the king.
Speaker of Shura Council shall submit a request to the Prime Minister in providing the Council with documents and data in possession of government agencies, which the Council deems necessary to facilitate its work.
Speaker shall submit an annual report to the King regarding Council’s work in accordance with its regulations.
Civil service laws shall be applying to Shura Council employees unless the regulations provide otherwise.
The King shall allocate Shura Council special budget. The budget shall be spend in accordance with rules issued by royal decree.
Shura Council’s financial matters, auditing and closing accounts shall be regulated by special rules issued by royal decree.
Shura Council regulations shall define the functions of the Speaker, Vice Speaker, General Secretary, bodies, methods of meetings conducting, work management, committees' works and voting procedure. The regulations shall also specify rules of debate, responding principles and other matters conducive to order and discipline within Council, so Council shall exercise jurisdiction for the Kingdom welfare and nation prosperity. These regulations shall be issued by royal decree.
Amendment of this Law can only be made in the same manner of the promulgation.
Administrative Divisions of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
The administrative regional division of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia included by the Royal Decree No. A/92 dated 27/8/1412H is based on the regional government system and is regarded as the basis of collection, distribution, and publication of geographical and statistical data, where the Kingdom is divided into 13 regions as follows:
The Administrative Region is divided into several governorates, its numbers differ from one region to another. The governorate is divided into municipalities that are administratively related to governorates of Emarah.
The governorates, municipalities, and Emarahs include a number of geographical names (cities, villages, rural town, water source community, and desert community) that are all connected administratively to the governorate, municipality, or Emara. For census reasons, a directory of geographical names was prepared.
This directory has a specific number that identifies every administrative region Emara, the municipality, or the geographical name. This directory was prepared as follows:
1- The code number of the administrative region consists of two digits starting with (01) for the first administrative region in the Kingdom and ends with the last number of the last administrative region (13).
2- The code number of the governorate consists of two digits also, within the administrative region that starts with (01) and ends with the number of the last governorate in the administrative region. As for the headquarters of Riyadh, Buraidah, Baha…etc, it takes the digits (00).
3- The code number of the municipality consists of 3 digits within the Emara or the governorate starting with (001) and ends with the number of the last Municipality in the Emara or the governorate.
4- The code number of the geographical name consists of 3 digits within the Headquarter of the Emara, the governorate or the municipality starting with (001) and ends with the number of the last geographical name within the Emara, the governorate or the municipality.
5- The number for a habitation consists of 2 digits within the number of the name that follows it, starts with (01) and ends with the number of the last inclusive geographical name inside the geographical name.
6- Public and private offices and work places that are located on highways between cities and villages took the numbers of inclusive geographical name annexed to the nearest geographical name and starts with the number (51).
7- The water sources community starts with the number (601) on the level of related administrative unit.
8- The number of the desert communities starts with the number (901) on the level of related administrative unit.